Georgia, is an exquisite country nestled in the heart of the Caucasus, at the intersection of southeast Europe and West Asia. At the same time, it is bounded by

  • Russia, from the north.
  • Azerbaijan, from the east.
  • Armenia and Turkey, from the south.
  • Black Sea, from the west.

The country covers an area of 69,700 square kilometers and has a population of 3.7 million people, excluding the Russian-occupied Georgian territories. Georgia is a Representative democracy governed as a unitary parliamentary republic. Tbilisi is its capital and largest city and is home to roughly a third of the Georgian population.

Let’s embark on an immersive journey to explore the wonders of this hidden gem.

Brief History of Georgia

The pages of history unfold a vibrant and intricate tale, woven amidst the classical era, where a multitude of autonomous realms flourished within the expansive territory of modern-day Georgia. These kingdoms, notably Colchis and Iberia, stand as testaments to the historical mosaic painted across the land.

In the early 4th century, a transformative shift occurred as the ethnic Georgians embraced Christianity, an event that reverberated across the cultural and religious fabric of the region, carving a new path for the land’s identity.

Venturing into the Middle Ages, the resplendent Kingdom of Georgia rose to its pinnacle during the illustrious reigns of King David IV and Queen Tamar in the 12th and early 13th centuries, a period known as the Golden Age. Nevertheless, the radiance of this era dimmed gradually, leading to the kingdom’s descent and eventual fragmentation under the influence of dominant regional powers.

The shadows cast by hegemonic forces, such as the Mongols, the Ottoman Empire, and the successive Persian dynasties, loomed ominously over Georgia, casting a shroud over its autonomy. This era echoed a somber tune of decline and disintegration, painting a canvas of trials and tribulations for the Georgian realm.

The turning point arrived with an alliance formed between one of the Georgian kingdoms and the formidable Russian Empire in 1783. This historical juncture marks both a significant chapter in Georgian history and the genesis of a series of challenges and adversities, signaling the dawn of a turbulent period in the nation’s course, a harbinger of change for Georgia’s future.

Throughout the tides of time, Georgia’s narrative has been a symphony of triumphs and tribulations, an enduring saga where the pendulum swings between moments of glory and adversity, shaping the nation’s essence and charting its destiny.


Some key dates in Georgia’s modern history

In the pages of history, significant events have woven the fabric of Georgia’s story, each moment leaving an indelible mark on the land and its people.

1801-04: The Russian Empire’s Annexation

During this period, the vast expanse of what is now Georgia came under the annexation of the mighty Russian Empire. It was a transformative juncture that reshaped the region’s geopolitical landscape.

1879: Birth of Joseph Stalin

In the quaint town of Gori, the world witnessed the birth of one of history’s most infamous figures, Joseph Stalin. Rising to become a prominent Soviet leader, his impact on global affairs was immense, carving his name into the annals of history.

1918: The Declaration of Independence

Amid the fervor of the Russian Revolution, Georgia proclaimed its independence, marking a pivotal moment in its quest for autonomy and self-governance.

1921: The Red Army’s Invasion

The echoes of conflict reverberated as the Red Army forcefully invaded Georgia, leading to its absorption into the folds of the Soviet Union, and altering the course of the country’s trajectory.

1956: Unrest Against De-Stalinization

Turbulent times brewed as protests erupted against Nikita Khrushchev’s de-Stalinization policy. The upheaval intensified, triggering fervent calls for secession from the USSR, met with forceful and brutal suppression by Soviet authorities.

1989: South Ossetia Clashes

Demands for greater autonomy in the South Ossetia region escalated, igniting violent clashes between the Georgian and Ossetian communities. Subsequently, Russian peacekeepers were deployed in an attempt to restore order.

1991: Referendum for Independence

In a resounding display of unity and determination, the people of Georgia overwhelmingly supported independence in a referendum. The Georgian parliament, in the aftermath, boldly declared secession from the Soviet Union.

1993: Abkhazia’s Separation

Tensions escalated as separatists forcibly expelled Georgian troops and residents from Abkhazia, leading to the declaration of an internationally unrecognized separatist state under Russian guidance.

2008: The Russo-Georgian Conflict

A turbulent chapter unfolded as Russia initiated a war against Georgia, subsequently declaring the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, further altering the geopolitical landscape and leaving an enduring impact on the region.

These historical milestones, marked by strife, declarations, and territorial shifts, have sculpted Georgia’s narrative, leaving an enduring legacy that continues to shape the country’s identity.

Why Travel to Georgia?

Georgia, a country nestled in the Caucasus region, holds an allure for travelers seeking a blend of history, natural beauty, and cultural richness. Here are several compelling reasons why a visit to Georgia is a must:

Rich Historical Heritage

Georgia boasts a profound historical legacy that dates back centuries. The country’s ancient roots can be explored through its captivating landmarks, including centuries-old churches, fortresses, and monasteries. Each of these architectural marvels narrates a unique story, offering a glimpse into the country’s diverse cultural past.

Diverse Landscapes

From the majestic peaks of the Caucasus Mountains to the captivating shores of the Black Sea, Georgia’s landscapes are diverse and awe-inspiring. Nature enthusiasts can explore lush national parks, picturesque valleys, and pristine lakes, providing a haven for outdoor adventures and exploration.

Culinary Delights

Georgian cuisine is a delight for food lovers. The traditional dishes, rich in flavor and variety, reflect the country’s culinary expertise. Savoring specialties such as khachapuri, a cheese-filled bread, and khinkali, delicious dumplings, is an experience not to be missed.

Warm Hospitality

Georgian hospitality, known as “supra,” is an integral part of the country’s culture. Visitors are welcomed with open arms, and engaging in lively conversations over a table filled with delicious food and wine is a customary part of the Georgian experience.

Wine Culture

Georgia is one of the oldest wine-producing regions globally, and its winemaking traditions date back thousands of years. Wine enthusiasts can enjoy exploring the various wine regions and tasting distinctive local grape varieties.

Budget-Friendly Destination

Compared to other European destinations, Georgia offers an affordable travel experience without compromising on the quality of attractions, accommodations, and culinary offerings.

Adventure Opportunities

Whether it’s hiking in the mountains, skiing in the winter resorts, or exploring caves and canyons, Georgia provides ample opportunities for adventure seekers.

Vibrant Culture and Festivals

Georgian culture is vibrant and diverse, showcased through traditional music, dance, and art. Throughout the year, the country hosts various festivals celebrating its cultural richness.

Safe and Welcoming Environment

Georgia is known for its safety and hospitality, making it an ideal destination for solo travelers, families, and adventurers alike.

In summary, Georgia’s unique blend of historical charm, natural beauty, delectable cuisine, and warm hospitality makes it an enticing destination for travelers seeking an enriching and memorable experience.

Best season to visit Georgia

The best season to visit Georgia largely depends on your preferences and the experiences you seek. Here’s a breakdown of the seasons to guide your decision:

Spring (April to June)

Why Visit? Spring in Georgia is a magical time when nature awakens from winter slumber. The weather is pleasantly mild, and the countryside blooms with vibrant colors. It’s an ideal time for nature lovers, hikers, and those who want to witness the stunning landscapes come to life. The mountains and valleys are lush, creating a picturesque setting for outdoor activities.

Summer (July to September)

Why Visit? Summer is the peak tourist season in Georgia. The weather is warm and ideal for exploring various regions of the country. This season is perfect for those interested in outdoor adventures, like trekking, camping, and exploring the Black Sea coastline. The vibrant festivals, cultural events, and an abundance of fresh produce make it an inviting time to experience the local culture.

Autumn (October to November)

Why Visit? Autumn paints Georgia with breathtaking colors as the foliage turns into a stunning tapestry of reds, oranges, and yellows. The weather remains pleasant, making it a great time for hiking and enjoying outdoor activities amidst the striking landscapes. Additionally, it’s the grape harvest season, offering a chance to experience and participate in wine-related events.

Winter (December to March)

Why Visit? Winter in Georgia brings snow to the mountains, creating an ideal setting for winter sports enthusiasts. Ski resorts, especially in regions like Gudauri and Bakuriani, offer excellent conditions for skiing, snowboarding, and other snow-related activities. For those interested in a winter wonderland experience, this season is perfect.

Ultimately, the best season to visit Georgia depends on your preferred activities and the type of experience you desire. Whether you’re seeking natural beauty, outdoor adventures, cultural immersion, or winter sports, Georgia offers unique and memorable experiences throughout the year.

Flag of Georgia

Flag of Georgia

Coat of Arms of Georgia

Coat of Arms of Georgia

Map of Georgia
Map of Georgia

Capital Tbilisi
Official languages Georgian Abkhazian
Main religion Orthodox Christianity
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
Area 69700 km2
Population 2021 estimate 3 728 573
Currency Georgian Lari (₾) (GEL)
Time zone UTC+4 (Georgia Time GET)
Driving Right
Calling code 995
ISO 3166 code GE
Internet TLD .ge

Regions of Georgia

Georgian Dance

Visa requirements for Georgia

This section provides a broad overview only. For up-to-date visa information or specific advice about your circumstances, please refer to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia website.

365 days Visa Free

Georgia has an extremely generous visa exemption policy. Currently, passport holders from 98 countries (including the EU, Australia, the US, and the UK) are permitted to stay in Georgia for up to a year without a visa.

E-Viza & Georgia Viza on arrival

Passport holders from an additional 65-plus countries are eligible for either a 30 or 90-day tourist e-visa, which you can get online before you arrive.

Other requirements to enter Georgia

To enter Georgia, you should also have the following:

  • A passport that’s valid for the intended duration of your stay (or for 3+ months if you’re entering on a visa)
  • Proof of insurance for the duration of your stay
  • Proof of onward travel (i.e a return airfare)

Tours around Georgia