Georgia’s capital and largest city, Tbilisi, pulsates with life in the heart of the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Boasting a population of approximately 1.1 million people, it stands as the focal point for Georgia’s cultural, economic, and political endeavors.

Resting gracefully on the banks of the Kura River, the capital unfolds its rich history, diverse architecture, and lively culture. Throughout the centuries, this city has weathered the rule of various empires and nations, contributing to its long and intricate historical tapestry.

Within Tbilisi, one can encounter remarkable landmarks that narrate tales of the past. From the ancient fortress of Narikala to the venerable Metekhi Church and the grandeur of the Holy Trinity Cathedral, the city showcases its historical and architectural wealth. Rustaveli Avenue, the primary thoroughfare, adds to this cultural wealth, housing numerous museums, theaters, and other institutions.

Tbilisi’s allure extends beyond its historical and architectural significance. The city’s natural hot springs, reputed for their therapeutic qualities, draw tourists seeking relaxation and rejuvenation. Furthermore, Tbilisi embraces a vibrant culinary scene, with local restaurants and bars enticing visitors with traditional Georgian cuisine and wine.

In essence, Tbilisi stands not only as a city with a remarkable past but as a dynamic metropolis where history, culture, and modernity converge, creating an inviting tapestry for locals and visitors alike.

Brief History of Tbilisi

Tbilisi has a long and complex history, dating back to the 5th century AD when it was founded as a small town by King Vakhtang I Gorgasali of Georgia. Over the centuries, the city grew in size and importance, becoming a major cultural and commercial center in the region.

In the 12th century, the city was captured by the Seljuk Turks and became an important center of Islamic culture. However, it was later re-conquered by the Georgian Kingdom and became a key center of the Georgian Renaissance in the 16th and 17th centuries.

In the 18th and 19th centuries, Tbilisi was ruled by the Persian Empire and the Russian Empire in turn, with the latter annexing Georgia in 1801. During this time, the city underwent significant modernization, with new buildings, infrastructure, and cultural institutions being established.

In the 20th century, Tbilisi became part of the Soviet Union and underwent further modernization and development, with many Soviet-era buildings and monuments still visible today. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Georgia regained its independence and the city became the capital of the newly independent country.

In recent years, Tbilisi has undergone significant redevelopment and has become a popular destination for tourists from around the world, attracting visitors with its rich history, diverse architecture, and vibrant culture.

Why Travel to Tbilisi

There are many reasons why you should consider traveling to Tbilisi. Here are just a few:

Rich history and culture: Tbilisi is a city with a rich and fascinating history, having been ruled by various empires and nations throughout the centuries. As a result, the city is home to many historic landmarks, museums, and cultural institutions that offer a glimpse into its past.

Diverse architecture: Tbilisi’s architecture is a unique mix of different styles and influences, reflecting the city’s long and complex history. From medieval fortresses to Soviet-era buildings, there is something for everyone to discover.

Natural hot springs: Tbilisi is famous for its natural hot springs, which are believed to have healing properties and are a popular destination for tourists seeking relaxation and rejuvenation.

Food and wine: Georgian cuisine is known for its rich flavors and unique ingredients, and Tbilisi is home to many restaurants and bars serving traditional Georgian dishes and wine.

Affordable: Tbilisi is a relatively affordable destination compared to other European cities, making it an attractive option for budget-conscious travelers.

Friendly people: Georgians are known for their hospitality and warmth towards visitors, making Tbilisi a welcoming and friendly place to explore.

Overall, Tbilisi offers a unique and memorable travel experience, combining a rich history, diverse culture, and modern amenities that are sure to appeal to a wide range of travelers.

Country Georgia
Established AD 455
Area 504.2 km2
Population 2021 estimate 1,202,731
Website www.tbilisi.gov.ge

Regions of Georgia

Day Tours from Tbilisi

Main Sights of Tbilisi

  • National treasury
  • Georgian National Museum
  • Doll Museum in Tbilisi
  • Money museum
  • Ethnographic open-air museum
  • Museum of National Musical Instruments
  • Rustaveli theater
  • Marjanishvili theater
  • Tbilisi concert hall
  • “Nabadi” folklore theater
  • Tbilisi Opera
  • Rezo Gabriadze Marionette theatre

Map of Tbilisi