Welcome to an exploration of Khornabuji Fortress, a historical gem that carries the weight of centuries of Georgian history. This formidable fortress stands as a testament to the strategic significance it held in times of old, offering visitors a captivating journey into the past.

A Brief History of Khornabuji Fortress

Khornabuji Fortress, perched majestically on a steep rock in Dedoplistskaro, Georgia, holds within its stone walls a history that is both enigmatic and awe-inspiring. While the fortress is believed to have been established in the V century, its origins are shrouded in the mists of time, adding to its mystique.

In the late 5th or early 6th century, Khornabuji fell under the dominion of the Sasanians. During this period, the neighboring town suffered destruction, yet fragments of the castle endured. Subsequently, over the centuries, the town reemerged on the flat terrain to the south of the castle’s rock.

Moving forward to the 13th century, historical accounts present conflicting narratives. Some sources suggest that Queen Tamar played a role in the castle’s reconstruction. However, alternative perspectives propose that references to Queen Tamara’s involvement in castle construction may pertain to a different site.

According to one interpretation of historical records, the Khornabuji township faced devastation at the hands of Mongol invaders led by Berke Khan around 1264. Survivors of this upheaval relocated to Sighnaghi, and from that point onward, significant settlement outside the protective castle walls ceased.

Another viewpoint posits that during the 17th century, the settlement met its decline due to an invasion launched from Iran by Shāh Abbās. In the wake of these tumultuous events, the castle underwent reconstruction, under the reign of Heraclius II of Kartli-Kakheti. However, the surrounding township was not subject to rebuilding efforts.

Today, Khornabuji Fortress welcomes visitors from all corners of the world. As you explore its hallowed grounds, you’ll not only immerse yourself in history but also be treated to breathtaking views of the Georgian landscape. The fortress offers a unique perspective on the region, a visual reminder of its strategic importance.

Infrastructure around the Fortress

  • Accommodation: Khornabuji Fortress is located Practically in Downtown Dedoplistskaro. Even though the city is not that big, quite a few guesthouses are Welcoming.  Our recommendation is Savanna Guesthouse, Cozzy, and a sweet place with an amazing host. Find more accommodations in Dedoplistskaro
  • Vashlovani Protected Areas Visitors Center: The center serves as a starting point for various guided tours and activities within the Vashlovani Protected Areas. Whether you’re interested in birdwatching, wildlife photography, or hiking through the park’s stunning landscapes, the Visitors Center can help you plan your adventure.
  • Eagle Canyon: A natural marvel that captivates the hearts and souls of all who venture here. At the heart of Georgia’s beauty lies this scenic masterpiece, a hidden gem that promises to leave you in awe.
  • Elia Monastery: Also known as the Saint Elia Monastery, is a place of spiritual significance and historical importance located in Dedoplistskaro. It’s just a few kilometers from Eagle Canyon. Situated in a serene and picturesque setting, this monastery has a rich history that dates back many centuries.

How to get there

  • Public Buses: Local buses run between Tbilisi and Dedoplistskaro regularly. Head to the Ortachala Bus Station in Tbilisi for buses to Dedoplistskaro. Buses usually depart in the morning and take around 3 hours to reach Dedoplistskaro.
  • Private Car: Renting a car is a convenient option, providing flexibility and the ability to explore the region at your own pace.
  • Shared Taxis: Shared taxis are a common choice in Georgia. They are faster than public buses and cost-effective when traveling with a group.

Tours via Khornabuji Fortress

Useful Tips

  • Comfortable Footwear: Khornabuji Fortress is situated on a steep rock, and you’ll be doing some walking and climbing. Be sure to wear comfortable and sturdy footwear to navigate the terrain.
  • Respect the Historical Site: Khornabuji Fortress is a historical treasure. Please show respect by not defacing or damaging any part of the fortress. Stay on designated paths and follow any guidelines or rules provided by the authorities.
  • Learn About the History: Take the time to learn about the history of the fortress. You can enhance your experience by reading up on its significance, the people who lived there, and the events that unfolded within its walls.
  • Photography: Khornabuji Fortress offers excellent photo opportunities. Don’t forget your camera or smartphone to capture the stunning views and architectural details.
  • Bring Water and Snacks: Depending on the duration of your visit, it’s a good idea to bring some water and snacks. There may not be refreshment vendors on-site.
  • Weather Considerations: Check the weather forecast for the day of your visit. Georgia’s weather can vary, so dress appropriately and be prepared for any changes in conditions.
  • Safety First: While exploring the fortress, exercise caution, especially if you’re near the edges or climbing stairs. Be mindful of your surroundings and stay away from any potential hazards.
  • Enjoy the Views: Khornabuji Fortress offers panoramic views of the surrounding landscape. Take the time to savor the breathtaking vistas and appreciate the historical significance of the site.
  • Pack a Picnic: If you plan to spend a significant amount of time at the fortress, consider packing a picnic. Enjoying a meal in the historic surroundings can be a memorable experience.
  • Leave No Trace: Follow the “Leave No Trace” principle. Dispose of any trash properly and avoid leaving any litter behind.

Khornabuji Fortress on a Map